[1] Lucius Grisebach, Willem Kalf, 1619-1693, Berlin, 1974, 258, no. Willem Kalf was one of the greatest Dutch masters of a type of still life painting called 'pronkstilleven', a term that translates as 'ostentatious still life'. This beautiful image was done during his Parisian period, 1644. Closed, Sculpture Garden De Lairesse writes that paintings of the type that Kalf executed, which include “expensive items, such as gold, silver, crystal and other glasses, pearls, rare stones, and pearl necklaces,” are commonly called Vanitassen, or vanitas paintings. However the choice of objects was not always for spectacle alone as they sometimes carried a symbolic significance. See more ideas about Dutch still life, Still life painting, Still life. For Dutch glass, see Ada Polak, “Glass in Dutch Painting,” Connoisseur 193, no. When the cargo, consisting of more than one hundred thousand pieces of porcelain, was sold in Amsterdam on August 15, 1604, buyers came from all over Western Europe. Willem Kalf settled in Amsterdam in 1653 following his return from Paris in 1646 and a period in Rotterdam and Hoorn in 1651, having married in the latter city. Indeed, he decided which objects to paint somewhat according to whim and without any preconceived program. An Introduction to Willem Kalf: Dutch Master of Still Life Paintings Dutch artist and still life painter Willem Kalf created some of the finest, most ornate still life paintings in art history. Il travaille à Paris entre 1642 et 1646, période pendant laquelle il développa la représentation d'intérieurs de granges miteuses et de banals ustensiles de cuisines. This style of still life originated in 17th century Holland during still life’s height of popularity. Page of Still-Life with a Late Ming Ginger Jar by KALF, Willem in the Web Gallery of Art, a searchable image collection and database of European painting, sculpture and architecture (200-1900) Artists: Search: Glossary: Contact: Info: KALF, Willem (b. Although only the rich could afford such rare artefacts, which were usually imported from distant lands, their inclusion in a painting could be interpreted as a patriotic tribute to the prosperity of Dutch trade. Kalf’s rustic… Contact Us. Still lifes Scattered small losses are found overall, with a larger loss in the center of the Seville orange. When Willem Kalf painted this luxurious still life, his home city of Amsterdam was the trading center of Europe. 'Still Life with a Chinese Porcelain Jar' is not simply a painting of luxurious objects; it is a luxurious object in itself, even more desirable than the items it depicts. Most of it was brought by ships belonging to the Dutch East India Company, which had been founded on March 20, 1602. These still lifes displayed an array of luxurious possessions that reflected the lifestyle of the wealthy in seventeenth century Holland. (Haarlem, 1740; reprint, Soest, 1969), 266: “Het is die welke in allerhande kostelykheden bestaat, als goud, zilver, kristalle en andere glazen, paerlen, edelgesteentens en paerlemoer, gemeenlyk Vanitassen genaamd.” ([Another type of still-life painting], containing all kinds of precious items, such as gold, silver, crystal- and other glasses, pearls, precious stones and mother-of-pearl, commonly called Vanitassen.). ), Willem Kalf Still Life with a Silver Jug and a Porcelain Bowl, Willem Kalf, 1655 - 1660 oil on canvas, h 73.8cm × w 65.2cm More details Willem Kalf did not paint the most common type of Asian objects circulating in the Dutch Republic, but generally chose rare examples that were already decades old. Most of it was brought by ships belonging to the Dutch East India Company, which had been founded on March 20, 1602. Ewer, Vessels and Pomegranate(1640) by Willem Kalf. With its off-center pyramidal composition, this Still Life is a quintessential example of a compositional format that Kalf used in the late 1650s and early 1660s. In Paris he painted mainly small-scale rustic interiors and still life's. See T. Volker, Porcelain and the Dutch East India Company, as Recorded in the Dagh-Registers of Batavia Castle, Those of Hirado and Deshima, and Other Contemporary Papers, 1602–1682 (Leiden, 1954), repro. The National Gallery of Art and Sculpture Garden are temporarily closed. (Haarlem, 1740; reprint, Soest, 1969), 266–267: “De vermaarde Kalf, die veel heerlyke en uitmuntende voorbeelden daar van heeft nagelaaten, heeft in deze zeer uitgemunt, en boven allen den hoogsten lof verdiend.”  (The famous Kalf, who left us many delightful and excellent examples of [still-life painting], greatly excelled in this, and earned the highest praise of them all.) His paintings advertised the lifestyle of the merchant classes in seventeenth century Holland. The Chinese jar, which is emblazoned with a bold blue and white pattern, also subtly reflects the surrounding objects in the gloss of its glaze, while the lemon, whose waxy skin spirals down from its juicy segments, echoes the design on the jar. Willem Kalf. Vanitas with Violin and Glass Ball by Pieter Claesz 1628. Most of those allegories were the representations of the brevity of life, decay and finally death. In the seventeenth century, they were probably to be found only in the homes of the wealthy because of their high cost. See: Art Definition, Meaning. [8]  [8]Gérard de Lairesse, Groot schilderboek, 2 vols. The double ground consists of a red lower layer and an opaque beige upper layer. When the cargo, consisting of more than one hundred thousand pieces of porcelain, was sold in Amsterdam on August 15, 1604, buyers came from all over Western Europe. 4. The compositional and stylistic characteristics of this work are so similar to those of other Kalf paintings from the early 1660s that I cannot agree with Claus Grimm’s assessment that the Gallery’s painting is the work of Jurriaen van Streek (1632–1687). He subdues the tones of the Venetian glassware (probably Dutch copies) whose transparent forms are picked out of the darkness with reflections and refractions of light. One carpet expert, Mr. Chester Ellis of Kingston, New York, has indicated that he believes it is an Indian carpet (conversation with Mr. Ellis, September 1980). Willem Kalf was one of the most celebrated, sought after, and successful still-life painters of the seventeenth century. See more ideas about dutch still life, still life painting, still life. By: tjjodoin88. Willem Kalf was one of the most celebrated, sought after, and successful still-life painters of the seventeenth century. 7th St and Constitution Ave NW Read our full Open Access policy for images. 4. During that treatment the restoration highlights in the glassware were painted out and the original highlights were reconstructed using the X-radiographs as a guide. - [Voiceover] And this painting is called Still Life with a Silver Ewer. Still lifes helpfully reminded viewers of the prosperity of their republic. Within each phase a precise chronology is difficult to determine as he dated only a few of his paintings. Willem Kalf Still Life with a Chinese bowl, a Nautilus Cup and Fruit, 1662 “Asia > Amsterdam” at Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam Johannes Vermeer, Girl Reading a Letter by an Open Window, ca. He was tied to a tree and shot full of arrows. See Gérard de Lairesse, Groot schilderboek, 2 vols. Remnants of this glass became visible when overpaint was removed during a conservation treatment in 2010. 1] before treatment, Willem Kalf, Still Life, c. 1660, oil on canvas, National Gallery of Art, Washington, Chester Dale Collection, 1943.7.8. (oil on canvas). Still-life painting occasionally registers the pride that contemporaries took in global trade and colonial endeavour. WORLD'S BEST ART See: Greatest Paintings Ever. Dec 6, 2019 - Explore Аrtem Mukhin's board "Willem Kalf", followed by 311 people on Pinterest. This Wan-Li bowl was a favorite of Kalf’s, possibly because the blues and creamy whites of the interior played off so well against the oranges, yellows, and reds of the fruit. See Claus Grimm, Stilleben: Die niederländischen und deutschen Meister (Stuttgart, 1988), 223, repro. 102, suggests that the Still Life might be identified as the Böhm painting auctioned in Vienna on 4 December 1865. A delicacy that characterizes the opulent lifestyle of the seventeenth century, they all had their hidden meaning tables. Subject to change as new information becomes available removed during a conservation (. Of exotic food and objects associated with an affluent lifestyle ) - still-life with Chinese. 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